April 8, 1545 – Council of Trent

One of the mottoes of the Protestant Reformation was Sola Scriptura which is Latin for “only Scripture” which meant the reformers based all doctrine only on the Bible. The counter-reformation undertaken by the Roman Catholic Church had its ecclesiastical beginnings at the Council of Trent in Trento, Italy in 1545 and it lasted several years. On April 8, 1548 the Council confirmed that the official Bible of the Catholic church would be the Vulgate translation written by Jerome in AD 405. Interestingly, while Jerome translated the Apocrypha with the Bible, he held to what Bishop Athanasius had previous stated that the Apocrypha was not in the holy canon. 

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